Life course of places, health & mobility (Topic 3)

Our health and mobility are intrinsically linked with the quality of our local environment. All sorts of things affect us, from housing density and neighbourhood deprivation to access to green space. In this topic (Topic 3), we are exploring how physical, built and social environments evolve over time and how they impact on inequalities in health-related mobility as people move into older age. We will be using data from 1,641 people in their 70s and 90s, together with temporal, area-level measures of their current, recent and past environment.

Team: Jamie Pearce, Niamh Shortt, Ian Deary, John Starr, Catharine Ward Thompson, Catherine Tisch and Katherine Brookfield.
Form: Environmental measures (taken from censuses, historical maps, city plans, aerial photography and historical land use data etc.) appended to data on individuals in the Lothian Birth Cohorts of 1921 and 1936.
Outputs: Environmental indicators of healthy and mobile lifestyles in older age. Identification of environmental factors that are important at different life stages in relation to mobility and health in older age.

Papers on this topic:

Cherrie, M.P.C., Shortt, N.K., Mitchell, R.J., Taylor, A.M., Redmond, P., Ward Thompson, C., Starr, J.M., Deary, I.J. and Pearce, J. 2017. ‘Green space and cognitive ageing: A retrospective life course analysis in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936′, Social Science & Medicine 196, 56-65

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Pearce, J., Shortt, N., Rind, E. and Mitchell, R. 2016. ‘Life Course, Green Space and Health: Incorporating Place into Life Course Epidemiology’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(3), 331 doi: 10.3390/ijerph13030331

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Suggested reading:
Underwood, E. 2014. Starting Young in Science Magazine: Special Issue: The Aging Brain 346 (6209): 568-571 DOI: 10.1126/science.346.6209.568

Pearce, J., Richardson, E., Mitchell, R. and Shortt, N. 2011. Environmental justice and health: A study of multiple environmental deprivation and geographical inequalities in health in New Zealand in Social Science and Medicine 73(3): 410-420

Pearce, J., Richardson, E., Mitchell, R. and Shortt, N. 2010. Environmental justice and health: The implications of the socio-spatial distribution of multiple environmental deprivation for health inequalities in the United Kingdom in Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 35(4): 522-539

Marmot, M. 2010. Fair Society, Healthy Lives: Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England post-2010,The Marmot Review